Photovoltaic power generation should be prevented from "rushing up" into "dormant power stations"
as one of the "three regions and three states" in the deep poverty-stricken areas determined by the central government, the four prefectures of Southern Xinjiang have taken the lead in building a number of photovoltaic poverty alleviation pilot projects in villages with good solar energy resources, igniting a new impetus for millions of farmers and herdsmen in southern Xinjiang to get rid of poverty. However, experts called for the prevention of "rushing forward" and the formation of "dormant power stations" in the later stage of the project
photovoltaic helps society find out the bottom
yaboyi village, Cele Town, Cele County, Xinjiang, like many villages in southern Xinjiang, is drought and water shortage, the industrial foundation is weak, and the incidence of poverty is as high as 36%. In 2016, the village based working group of "visiting the people, benefiting the people and gathering the hearts of the people" of Xinjiang electric power company coordinated photovoltaic enterprises to build a photovoltaic targeted poverty alleviation integration project, with an installed capacity of 166 kW at presentAccording to the working group, the power generation of the project has exceeded 50000 kwh, and the income of 40000 yuan has been transferred to the village collective to help the poor households. This year, the estimated income of photovoltaic power stations is 180000 yuan, which can cover 60 poor households based on 3000 yuan per household
in the operation and maintenance room of photovoltaic power station, abulizi, director of yaboyi village committee ˙ Alimu pointed to the computer screen and said, "the higher the green column, the more electricity it will generate, the higher the collective income of the village, and the more poor households it will help." After months of training, part of the monitoring and maintenance work of the power station was entrusted to the farmer who was used to khantuman (HOE)
as photovoltaic power stations gradually generate benefits, more and more villagers want to learn technology. So far, more than 200 villagers have participated in electrician, welding and computer training courses, of which more than 20 have signed employment contracts
in talek village, yitimukong Township, Yecheng County, Kashgar region, 33 year old manishamuzi ˙ Amudong's family of five have been living on a few acres of thin farmland and odd jobs for many years. She said that after installing photovoltaic panels, her family received 720 yuan in only two months, and there was hope to get rid of poverty. She washed the dust on the photovoltaic panels every week to improve power generation efficiency
although photovoltaic is "beautiful", the consumption is still severe.
the national development and Reform Commission announced that the electricity price of photovoltaic power generation projects put into operation after January 1, 2018 decreased by 0.1 yuan per kilowatt hour, and the kWh subsidy standard of distributed photovoltaic power generation projects that were put into operation after January 1, 2018 and adopted the "self use, surplus" mode decreased by 0.05 yuan. According to the industry evaluation, the adjustment is expected, and the reduction range is acceptable. With technological innovation, cost reduction and battery conversion efficiency improvement, most enterprises can still maintain reasonable profits
the photovoltaic industry has experienced a rush for installation for two years. According to the statistics of the national energy administration, in the first three quarters of 2017, the deformation of China's samples was basically uniform, and the newly installed capacity of distributed photovoltaic was 15.3 million KW, an increase of 4 times year-on-year
according to Xinjiang electric power company, in the first three quarters of 2017, Xinjiang's photovoltaic power generation capacity was 9.08 million KW, and the power generation capacity was nearly 8 billion kwh, an increase of 53%
by the end of 2016, Xinjiang electric power had consumed 28.66 billion kwh of new energy power generation annually, an increase of 48% year-on-year. However, due to the weak domestic power demand and limited export capacity, the light rejection ratio in Xinjiang is as high as 32%. In Kashgar, Hotan, Aksu and other places where photovoltaic poverty alleviation is the key development, the light rejection ratio in that year exceeded 33%. It improved in the first three quarters of 2017
insiders believe that with the overall surplus of electricity, the overall situation of new energy consumption in Xinjiang in 2018 is still grim
beware of excess capacity and wear the "poverty relief hat"
eight provinces including Hebei, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia have successively announced that all the new photovoltaic construction indicators in 2017 will be used for photovoltaic poverty alleviation. Xinjiang also issued a notice on speeding up the preparation and submission of the 13th five year plan for photovoltaic poverty alleviation, guiding and encouraging the construction of village level poverty alleviation power stations
Meng Yongsheng, Deputy Dean and professor of the school of economics of Xinjiang University of Finance and economics, said that photovoltaic poverty alleviation can provide effective support for the industry to get rid of poverty and the society to cover the bottom, but it should be prevented from "rushing forward" and aggravating overcapacity
the interviewed experts and insiders suggested that the photovoltaic poverty alleviation "healthy growth" can be promoted from four aspects. First, strengthen top-level design and orderly spread photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects. Relevant departments should make an overall arrangement for the construction plan of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects, formulate the access plan according to the power access conditions, and coordinate with the construction progress of the set delivery project in the process of a large number of recruitment activities
secondly, we should coordinate and promote the consumption of photovoltaic poverty alleviation electricity, strive to expand the power consumption market in the region, and encourage poverty alleviation photovoltaic to participate in market-oriented transactions such as "power assistance to Xinjiang + market-oriented export", "new energy replacing self provided coal-fired thermal power generation" and "new energy participating in electric heating"
thirdly, speed up the power export and distribution upgrading and transformation projects. At present, the Zhundong Wannan ± 1100 project and the 750 kV backbone frame in southern Xinjiang can be adjusted into graphics for comparison and analysis. The construction of the two electrical projects is speeding up. In addition, the preliminary work for the construction of the power corridor from Xinjiang to Pakistan has been started. In the future, the interconnection of power infrastructure between Xinjiang and surrounding countries may provide new market space for photovoltaic consumption
finally, the power sector should pay close attention to the project acceptance to prevent some enterprises from aggravating photovoltaic overcapacity by using the "poverty alleviation hat"; At the same time, establish a later operation and maintenance management mechanism, strengthen daily maintenance and publicity in the "photovoltaic village", and ensure that the poverty alleviation power station reaches the expected service life and income effect
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